A smart city is a term that represents the merger of elements that are deemed “smart”. These include sustainable development, green development, smart technology, shared economy,
The merger leads to smart transport, smart garbage removal, smart water management, integration of green energy into the energy grid socio and economy sound developed. This integration is managed, supported by an ICT network.
Smart elements in a city are producing a large amount of data and if these datasets are integrated and analysed smartly the looped can be closed back to the smart elements. Data produced by road sensors can be used to direct traffic or be used to inform autonomous cars of road conditions or inform the maintenance plan directly.
- Smart Parking
- Censors showing open parking space
- Waste to energy
- Smart water meters and management
- Energy efficient and green buildings
- Citizens engagement
The integration of above-mentioned examples can constitute a smart city.
To start or to be successful, smart cities (officials) need to establish an implementation plan with appropriate goals. Various white papers and case studies provide guidelines for the implementation of smart cities. Very important is that leadership must also change their and others’ mind set to make smart cities successful. In most cases, the status quo must change in order for a city to become smart.
An offspring or starting point for a Smart City can be a Smart Campus. In many cases, a successful smart city has a smart campus as an important and integral partner. A smart campus (University) is the incubator of “smart” technologies to be used in a smart city. This enables the University also to be “smart” in its use of technology and data/information.